Valid in medical research only?

Why Most Published Research Findings Are False. ‘There is increasing concern that most current published research findings are
false. The probability that a research claim is true may depend on study power
and bias, the number of other studies on the same question, and, importantly,
the ratio of true to no relationships among the relationships probed in each
scientific field. In this framework, a research finding is less likely to be
true when the studies conducted in a field are smaller; when effect sizes are
smaller; when there is a greater number and lesser preselection of tested
relationships; where there is greater flexibility in designs, definitions,
outcomes, and analytical modes; when there is greater financial and other
interest and prejudice; and when more teams are involved in a scientific field
in chase of statistical significance. Simulations show that for most study
designs and settings, it is more likely for a research claim to be false than

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