Biomedical Textiles

Developments in Textiles. The use of biomedical textiles is expanding as a result of innovations in medical procedures and textile technology, and the miniaturisation of electronic devices. In each application area of biomedical textiles, advances continue, but they all depend on the properties of the fibre (or fibre blend) and the constructions fabricated from them. Biomedical textile fibres comprise synthetic fibres and those derived from natural sources. Developments provide superabsorbent fibres, which are normally constructed from acrylic copolymers, with the ability to absorb up to 50 times their own weight in water. This property renders them useful for incontinence products and for inclusion in dressings for wounds that release large volumes of exudates. Increasingly important are resorbable fibres, which are specially developed to retain their mechanical properties in vivo for a specified period. The most widely used resorbable fibres are polylactic acid and polyglycolic acid and their copolymers. Others include polycaprolactone copolymers and polydioxanone and its copolymers. These materials can be specifically designed to function for a predetermined period of weeks or months, before undergoing degradation.’

Biomedical Textiles Initiative. ‘The mission of the initiative is to bring together all that are involved and interested in Biomedical Textiles, so that information and ideas can be exchanged, new partnerships and efforts can be launched and those who can provide assistance can find those who need it.’

Biomedical Textiles Research Centre: What are Biomedical Textiles?. ‘Biomedical textiles are textile products and constructions, for medical and biological applications. They are used for first aid, clinical or hygienic purposes.’

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