China’s First Thermonuclear Fusion Experiment

Thermonuclear fusion reactor test succeeds. ‘Chinese scientists on Thursday successfully conducted their first test of an experimental thermonuclear fusion reactor, which replicates the energy generating process of the sun. The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) fusion reactor, nicknamed “artificial sun”, was tested at the Institute of Plasma Physics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in Hefei, capital city of east China’s Anhui Province. During the experiment, deuterium and tritium atoms were forced together at a temperature of 100 million Celsius. “At that temperature, the super heated plasma, which is neither a gas, a liquid nor a solid, should begin to give off its own energy,” scientists explained. The first tests lasted nearly three seconds, and generated an electrical current of 200 kiloamperes, Wan Yuanxi, general manager of EAST, told Xinhua.’

Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Plasma Physics – EAST: EAST(HT-7U Superconducting Tokamak), a non-circular advanced steady-state plasma experimental device, was rectified by the Leading Team of Science and Technology, the State Council on June 3, 1997 as a National Mega-Project of Science Research. Its scientific mission is to realize stable operation and carry out experiments on heating and confinement improvement under the tokamak advanced operation and finally realize the tokamak advanced operational mode.

Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) Design, Fabrication and Assembly, by WengPeide (PDF)

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